We want to inform you about tourist housing. Maybe you are thinking of renting your empty apartment to tourists, and you do not know how to do it.
The information that we are going to provide you refers to Andalusia, since each autonomous community has its own regulation.
The first thing you should know is that the neighborhood community can limit or condition the use of a house for tourist rental with the favorable vote of 3/5 of the total number of owners representing 3/5 of the participation fees.
You should also know that there is a difference between a tourist house and a tourist apartment. The tourist apartment is considered an economic activity, and requires an opening license.
Housing for tourism purposes, is a second activity or economic income for someone who rents their home, but is not professionally engaged in such activity. In addition, you can only have two homes for tourist purposes within a radius of a thousand meters.
The maximum rental period for the same person is two months for it to be considered a tourist rental.
According to Decree 28/2016, of February 2, on housing for tourism purposes and modification of Decree 194/2010, of April 20, on tourist apartment establishments.
Housing for tourism purposes may be:
a) Complete, when the house is transferred in its entirety.
b) By rooms, the owner must reside in it. In these cases, they can use internationally recognized names for this type of accommodation.
2. The maximum capacity of these will be limited to the provisions of the occupancy license. In any case, when the use of the dwelling is complete, it cannot exceed fifteen places and when the use is for rooms, it cannot exceed six places, and in both types it cannot exceed four places per room.
Common requirements and services.
a) Have an occupancy license, and comply at all times with the technical and quality conditions required of the homes.
b) The rooms will have direct ventilation to the outside or to patios and some system of darkening of the windows. This requirement will not be required when the home or building in which it is integrated is listed as a Property of Cultural Interest and the level of protection prevents any type of work, modification or intervention that is necessary to comply with the requirement.
c) Be sufficiently furnished and equipped with the necessary appliances and equipment for immediate use and according to the number of places available.
d) Refrigeration by fixed elements in the rooms and lounges, when the period of operation includes the months of May to September, both inclusive. If the period of operation covers the months of October to April, inclusive, they must have heating. This requirement will not be required when the home or building in which it is integrated is listed as a Property of Cultural Interest and the level of protection prevents any type of work, modification or intervention that is necessary to comply with the requirement.
e) First aid kit.
f) Have tourist information, in physical or electronic support, of the area, leisure areas, restaurants and cafes, shops and food stores, the parking lots closest to the home, existing medical services in the area, urban transportation means , map of the town and show guide.
g) All homes will have Complaint and Claim Sheets available to users, and a poster announcing them in a visible place within the home.
h) Cleaning the house at the entrance and exit of new clients.
i) Bedding, lingerie, household items in general, depending on the occupation of the home and a replacement kit.
j) Provide users with a telephone number to attend and immediately resolve any queries or incidents related to the home.
k) Have information and operating instructions for household appliances or other devices that require it for their correct use available to users.
l) Inform the users of the internal regulations regarding the use of the facilities, dependencies and equipment of the home, as well as the admission and existence of pets in the home, restrictions for smokers as well as the restricted use areas.
You should also know that in case the tenants break the rules of coexistence, they can be "invited" to leave the house within 24 hours.
Once you meet the requirements and decide to start the activity, you must register your home by presenting the responsible statement in the Tourism Registry
Remember that you need the first occupation license, which you can request at the town hall if you do not have it. It will take time to arrive, so you can attach the request.
You also need the deed to the house.
Once you make the registration, the Administration gives you a CTC entry registration number, and later a VFT / PROVINCIA / 0000 number, which is the identification number of the house, which must appear in the advertising, in the travelers part or on invoices.
But here does not end everything, you must keep a register of travelers and communicate the data to the police. Here we leave you the links to the web with all the information: